LED lamps use what to make light?

LED lamps use what to make light?

LED lighting uses semiconductors to make light1

Early LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) were used mainly for small indicator lights for applications like display panels, they have been used in this way since the 1960s and they looked like the bulbs at the top of this page.

During the early 2000s, we began to see LED technology used for environment lighting as well (e.g. homes, offices, factories, schools) and LED bulbs began to look much like our traditional light bulbs. They even produced LED strips to look like Fluorescent Tubes.

LED lighting uses semiconductors to make light2

LEDs use semiconductors. Yes, it's similar to the material used on processors for circuit boards. However, the materials used in LEDs are for the purpose of producing light. In addition to being cooler and more energy efficient (like Fluorescent Lighting), LEDs have an added value of lasting a VERY long time, in addition to being shatter/shock proof.

LED lighting uses semiconductors to make light3

As you can see from the early LED lights, the semiconductor is a very small component. The semiconductor itself produces a bluish-white light and the lens/case changes the color to fit the application. More recent LEDs might appear as below, but the same semiconductor principles.

LED lighting uses semiconductors to make light4

LED lighting uses semiconductors to make light5

LED lights work when electricity is run through the semiconductor die, which makes it produce a bluish light. Notice the yellow layer on top of the semiconductor. It changes the semiconductor's bluish light to become more of a comfortable white light, sometimes this yellow layer is referred to as the Fluorescent layer or Phosphor layer. The LED may have a lens on top to redirect the light to obtain uniform overall intensity.

LED lighting uses semiconductors to make light6

LED lighting uses semiconductors to make light7

Phosphorescence vs. Fluorescence
Both use "light to make light". However, phosphorescent material does not immediately re-emit the radiation it absorbs.
Die or Diode - these words may sometimes be used in place of LED chip or semiconductor chip.
LED Package - this is the entire housing (i.e. package) for the LED.

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Fluorescent Lights have been commercially available since the 1930s as long Fluorescent Tubes. A smaller bulb like CFL (Compact Fluorescent Light) only became widely available in the 2000s. These lights use a mercury vapor (steam) inside the tube; electricity is applied within the tube, which causes the mercury vapor to emit UV light, or more accurately UV radiation. The UV radiation hits the inside surface of the tube which is coated with a phosphor material. The UV radiation causes the phosphor to glow.

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Practically and economically speaking, LEDs seem to have a huge advantage and this is why most newly built facilities in developing countries are choosing LEDs for most of their environment lighting (e.g. factories, offices, libraries, museums).

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UPRtek LED lamps use what to make light? Introduction

United Power Research Technology Corp. is Taiwan supplier and manufacturer in Optoelectronics Industry. UPRtek has been offering our customers high quality Spectrometer, Color Meter, Spectral PAR Meter, Spectral Color Meter, Spectrum, LED Meter, Spectradiometer, LED Measurement, LED light testing since 2010. With both advanced technology and 8 years experience, UPRtek always make sure to meet each customer's demand.

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